Hops are just one member of the larger angiosperm group called ________________.

The oldest known fossil of hops was found nearly ______________ years ago in North Dakota where the Hell Creek Formation was thought to have taken place.

True or False: The wild hops that were found during the time of the Hell Creek Formation are as aromatic and enticing as the hops we use in the modern IPA.

If we were to use genetic mutations as a clock, the branch with today’s brewer’s hop species (Humulus Lupulus) probably originated in _______ and diverged from its relatives as far back as 44 million years ago or as recently as 6 million years ago.

True or False: The diversification of modern hop species was affected by the Ice Age.