When specialty malts are roasted, temperatures are raised causing the amino acids and sugars to react, which in turn darkens the kernels and encourages the development of new, complex flavors. When the desired color and flavor is achieved, the roasting process is quickly halted with…

Caramel malt is made by taking wet ______________ and raising the temperature to encourage enzymatic activity, Maillard reactions and caramelization.

Roasted malts require a _________________ because of the very high temperatures involved in the process. This piece of equipment ensures a batch of malt is roasted evenly while at high temperatures.

“Debittered” specialty malts are created by….

This specialty malt can be used to lower mash pH and is popularly used in Germany in order to adhere to the Reinheitsgebot (the German beer purity law).